Presidential Sex Scandals

I have written several articles on our Presidents and Vice-Presidents. A list of the links have been provided at the bottom of this article for your convenience. This article will, however address additional Presidents and their places in history.

More than a third of the men who’ve occupied the Oval Office have been either accused of sexual misconduct, alleged to have had an affair, fathered a child out of wedlock with someone they were conducting such an affair with, or boasted of their extramarital sexual escapades. Though it seems that in the last 50 years, the Democratic presidents have been guilty of the most salacious activities. I am going to list some of the activities our presidents have been accused of.

George Washington

george washington

The country’s first president was alleged to have fathered children with a slave named Venus who lived on his family’s Virginia estate. In 1999, The New York Times reported that the slave’s descendants were seeking a DNA test to prove they were related to Washington.

Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson remains America’s most compelling president and his reported sexuality mirrors this passion. In his youth, he attempted to seduce his best friend’s wife, Betsy Walker, and after his wife Martha died he apparently had an affair in Paris with Mrs. Maria Cosway. However, it was his relation with Sally Hemings, the African-American slave who was his wife’s half-sister (the daughter of Martha’s father) and with whom he had six children, that makes this America’s most scandalous sex scandal.

Hemings (sometimes called Sarah) was born in 1773, the daughter of Elizabeth (Betty) Hemings and, most likely, John Wayles, Jefferson’s father-in-law. She lived in Paris (along with her brother, James) with the Jefferson family between 1787 and 1789. According to her son, Madison, she served Jefferson at Monticello as chambermaid, seamstress, nursemaid-companion and, later, lady’s maid to his daughters. Madison referred to his mother as “Jefferson’s concubine.” Four of her children with Jefferson survived to adulthood, two females and two males – all appeared to be white in complexion and Jefferson set them all free. Ironically, Hemings was not freed by Jefferson but given “her time” (a form of unofficial freedom so she could live in Virginia) by his daughter, Martha Randolph.

Andrew Jackson

andrew jackson

Jackson came under fire for his marriage to Rachel Donelson Robards because the two wed before she was legally divorced from her previous marriage. Jackson married Rachel Donelson Jackson in 1791. Both of them believed her divorce from her abusive, alcoholic first husband, Lewis Robards, was final. However, Robards had never completed his paperwork, rendering Jackson and Rachel’s 1791 marriage void; and the couple married again in 1794. Throughout his later career, opponents of Jackson portrayed Rachel as a bigamist. Shortly after he was elected president in 1828 (but before the inauguration) Rachel suffered a nervous collapse and died. Jackson blamed this on the bigamy charges during the campaign, and he was bereft at the loss of his wife.

William Henry Harrison

William Henry Harrison

The shortest-tenured president in history, Harrison was believed to have possibly engaged in a relationship with one of his slaves, Dilsia. Her ancestors claimed she had six children with Harrison, who died after serving for 32 days.

John Tyler

John Tyler

Tyler, who served following Harrison’s death, was accused by an abolitionist writer of fathering children with one of his Virginia slaves, The Washington Post reported.

James Garfield

James Garfield

James Garfield’s alleged extramarital affair with a “Mrs. Calhoun” appears to have taken place in October 1862 while he was a Civil War general. It allegedly took place during a visit to New York while, as he wrote, he was living through “years of darkness.” When his wife, Lucretia, discovered the affair, they worked out their differences.

Grover Cleveland

Grover Cleveland

Cleveland, the only president to serve two, non-consecutive terms in the Oval Office, was faced with quite a report during his first campaign for the White House. He like Buchanan was a bachelor when he was elected president. However, he came to the office with a reputation as a lady’s man. The Buffalo Evening Telegraph broke a story that Cleveland, 10 years prior to his presidential bid, had a child with a woman named Maria Halpin. Halpin was then sent to a psychiatric asylum while the child was adopted by another family. 

Halpin would later say that her affair with Cleveland was not consensual, alleging that she was raped. Cleveland denied those allegations and won the presidency. His campaign said the affair happened while he was unmarried. 

As Vice wrote, Cleveland got Halpin commissioned to the asylum, saying that she was sleeping around with married men.

Often forgotten, when Cleveland took office he invited his sister, Rose, to serve as first lady until he married in 1886. Rose was a 19th century “spinster” with a successful career as a teacher, novelist and literary critic. In 1889, she began a romantic friendship with Evangeline Simpson, a wealthy 30-year-old woman. The two women exchanged a series of romantic letters. In one, Rose admits: “I tremble at the thought of you” and “I dare not think of your arms.” Simpson replies, calling Cleveland “my Clevy, my Viking, my Everything.” After Simpson’s husband died, the women moved to Italy in 1910 and lived together until Cleveland died in 1918.

Warren Harding

Warren G. Harding president

Harding is reported to have had an affair for fifteen years with Carrie Fulton Phillips, the wife of a friend, James Phillips. Before becoming president, he began a relationship with Nan Britton, thirty years his junior. It is rumored that he had sexual liaisons with her in the White House. Their adulterous affair culminated with the birth of an illegitimate daughter, Elizabeth Ann. After Harding’s death, Britton published, “The President’s Daughter,” an intimate account of their affair.

However, the most scandalous part of this scandalous tale is the questions associated with Harding’s untimely death in 1923. While stopping over in San Francisco from a trip to Alaska and Canada, he came down with ptomaine poisoning contracted from tainted Japanese crabmeat and died. Rumors circulated widely that his wife, Florence, poisoned him.

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Franklin D Roosevelt

Roosevelt carried out a longtime affair with his wife Eleanor’s secretary, Lucy Mercer. Its apparent sexual aspect is still debated. It is reported that Eleanor threatened to divorce FDR if he didn’t end his relations with Mercer; and it was Mercer, then a widow, who was at FDR’s bedside at Warm Springs just before he died. FDR is reported to also have had affairs with Marguerite Alice (Missy) LeHand, his secretary, and Crown Princess Marta of Norway, who lived at the White House during World War II. (Eleanor’s “friendships” with Nancy Cook, Marion Dickerman and Lorena Hickok are the subject of similar debate.)

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Dwight Eisenhower

During World War II, Dwight Eisenhower is rumored to have had an affair with Kay Summersby, his English driver. Ike is reported to have wanted to resign from the army, divorce his wife and marry Summersby, but General George Marshall said it would ruin him if he did. Later, Summersby wrote a book, “Past Forgotten: My Love Affair with Dwight D. Eisenhower,” about their relationship. She claimed that she and Ike never had sex: He was impotent due to the pressures of the war!

John F. Kennedy

john f kennedy jfk

Kennedy had a number of high-profile, rumored affairs, most notably with movie star Marilyn Monroe. Others were Angie Dickinson; Inga Arvad, a Danish journalist; the stripper, Blaze Starr; Judith Exner Campbell, mistress to mob boss Sam Giancana; and White House secretaries Priscilla Weir and Jill Cowan, who were referred to as “Fiddle” and “Faddle,” among others, have moved from scandal to presidential lore.

Kennedy said his father, Joseph Kennedy, told his sons to get “laid as often as possible,” BuzzFeed wrote.

Lyndon B. Johnson

lyndon johnson

Johnson reportedly had a number of affairs, including one of 21 years with Madeleine Brown, BuzzFeed wrote. A Johnson biographer wrote that when “people mentioned Kennedy’s many affairs, Johnson would bang the table and declare that he had more women by accident than Kennedy ever had on purpose.”

Among his reported conquests were Madeline Brown, who claims that they had an affair that lasted more than two decades and that LBJ fathered her son. Brown insists that their affair was purely physical and remained hidden from Lady Bird Johnson.

In his biogrpahy of LBJ, Robert Caro revealed that he also had a thirty year affair with Alice Glass. Their friendship began in 1937 when she was living with her common-law husband, Charles Marsh, and their two children. Marsh was a newspaper mogul and one of his papers, “Austin American-Statesman,” was an influential LBJ supporter. It is rumored that Glass ended her affair with LBJ in 1967 over her opposition to the Vietnam war. She is reported to have burned their love letters.

George H.W. Bush

george hw bush

The first Bush president faced allegations of affairs with two women, one being a White House staffer during his administration and another being a woman he allegedly carried out a relationship with in the 1960s. One involved Jennifer Fitzgerald, who served as White House deputy chief of protocol during his administration, and the other an Italian woman with whom he set up house in a New York apartment in the 1960s. Bush denied both allegations.

Bill Clinton

Bill Clinton

Clinton’s sexual escapades and the allegations of misconduct against him were the most notable in recent memory prior to Trump.

The most high-profile incident involved his affair with Monica Lewinsky, though women such as Paula Jones, Gennifer Flowers, Kathleen Willey, Elizabeth War Gracen, and Juanita Broaddrick all levied accusations of sexual misconduct against him.

George W. Bush

George W. Bush

George W. Bush was a political disaster. Failures from the illegal Iraq war to the Katrina catastrophe to the Great Recession mark his administration. History will judge his presidency as the worst in the post-WWII era.

Bush is haunted by two sex scandals. One involved a criminal complaint and lawsuit of rape by Margie Denise Schoedinger, who later committed suicide; the second was an accusation by Tammy Phillips, a former stripper, of having an affair with Bush that ended in 1999. They were successfully dismissed as crank complaints, effectively sweeping them under the proverbial rug.

In 2002, Schoedinger, a 38-year-old African-American woman who lived in the Houston suburb of Missouri City, TX, filed a lawsuit against Bush alleging that he had raped her in October 2000. In her suit she alleged, “race based harassment and individual sex crimes committed against her and her husband.” Schoedinger died on September 22, 2003, of a gunshot wound to the head, nine months after filing the suit. The Harris County, TX, Medical Examiner’s office ruled the death a suicide.

Phillips, a 35-year-old partner in a gym in Carrollton, TX, and (based on some accounts) an Austin exotic dancer or stripper, reported an affair with W that ended in June 1999. She claims to have been introduced to then-governor of Texas by her uncle, a prominent Republican, in December 1997 during a political function at a hotel in Midland, TX. Reports differ as to whether the alleged affair lasted 9 or 18 months long.

The scandal got coverage in “The National Enquirer,” “New York Post” and other media outlets, but disappeared as the 2000 presidential campaign got underway. One Texas politico expressed surprise about Bush’s alleged affair with Phillips, “It means that he stopped fooling around just prior to announcing his presidential run.” Phillips seems to have disappeared and not pursued the accusation.

* * *

The scandal got coverage in “The National Enquirer,” “New York Post” and other media outlets, but disappeared as the 2000 presidential campaign got underway. One Texas politico expressed surprise about Bush’s alleged affair with Phillips, “It means that he stopped fooling around just prior to announcing his presidential run.” Phillips seems to have disappeared and not pursued the accusation.

Presidential sex scandals can occur by simply challenging the social or religious conventions of the day. Jimmy Carter’s 1976 “Playboy” interview, in which he uttered those famous words, “I’ve committed adultery in my heart many times,” is but one example. Similarly, a friendship between a man and a woman could be the grounds for suspicion as to more scandalous goings-on. George Washington’s close friendship with Mrs. Sally Fairfax and Woodrow Wilson’s associations with Mrs. Mary Hulbert Peck and Edith Bolling Galt came under much suspicion. Andrew Jackson was assailed over his marriage to Rachel Donelson Robards, an alleged bigamist, because her divorce was not legally finalized before their marriage.

A similar scandal of innuendo involved Calvin Coolidge. As reported in the tabloids of the day, Coolidge and his wife, Grace, were being separately shown round a chicken farm. Learning that the farm’s rooster had sex dozens of times a day, the first lady said: “Tell that to the president.” On being told, the president asked: “Same hen every time?” “Oh, no, Mr. President, a different one each time.” Coolidge is supposed to have quipped: “Tell that to the first lady.” There had been rumors that Grace Coolidge had intimate liaisons with secret service agents.

The sex scandal associated with Ronald Reagan is more complicated. As the champion of the conservative ascention to federal power, Reagan came under hardline Christian scrutiny because he is the only divorced person to be president. He married Jane Wyman in January 1940, her third husband; she filed for divorce in 1948. In 1952, he married the actress Nancy Davis.

However, things got more intriguing for Reagan when Kitty Kelley revealed in an unauthorized bio of Nancy Reagan that, in 1952 when the Gipper was president of the Screen Actors Guild, he reportedly raped the actress Selene Walters in her home. “I opened the door,” she admitted in an interview in “People” magazine, “then it was the battle of the couch. I was fighting him. I didn’t want him to make love to me. He’s a very big man, and he just had his way.” (Kelley also reported, without substantiation, that the Reagans smoked pot with Jack Benny and George Burns and that Frank Sinatra had an affair with Nancy Reagan.) It should be noted that no legal actions were taken by the Reagans against Kelley.

The alleged homosexuality of James Buchanan and Abraham Lincoln is a more slippery subject given that our 20th century notions of sexuality are not applicable to 19th century same-sex intimacies. In addition, it was not uncommon for strangers to share a bed for a night when staying at a small-town inn or share a bed at a rural household with strangers traveling in the wilderness or at isolated settlements (i.e., “bundling”). However, as in Buchanan’s and Lincoln’s cases, it was uncommon for male (or female) acquaintances of financial means to share an urban home.

Buchanan was America’s most “out” president. He lived for many years with William Rufus King, a former vice president and Alabama senator. The two men were considered inseparable and were the butt of much mockery. Andrew Jackson dubbed King “Miss Nancy” and Aaron Brown, a prominent Democrat, writing to President James Polk’s wife, referred to him as Buchanan’s “better half,” “his wife” and “Aunt Fancy . . . rigged out in her best clothes.”

A new round of debate as to Lincoln’s sexuality emerged following the 2005 release of C.A. Tripp’s book, “The Intimate World of Abraham Lincoln.” A former Kinsey researcher and author of “The Homosexual Matrix,” Tripp’s book takes up the argument only hinted at by Carl Sandburg in his famed 1926 biography of the assassinated president. Sandburg, using code words of the day for homosexuality, suggested something deeper about Lincoln, “a streak of lavender and soft spots as May violets.” It should be noted that most leading Lincoln scholars, notably David Herbert Donald in “‘We Are Lincoln Men,” have assailed the Tripp thesis.

More traditional heterosexual rumors follow still other presidents. These rumors range from too-intimate friendships with women other than their wives to engaging in adulterous liaisons to fathering an out-of-wedlock child. In the good-old days, these secrets could be contained, hidden from the public. Those days are over.

Much gossip circulated about Richard Nixon’s long-term friendship with Marianna Liu, a Chinese cocktail waitress he met in Hong Kong while vice-president. Nixon first met Liu in 1958 while she was a tour-guide. It is reported that, in the mid-’60s, Liu and a female friend had a party with Nixon and his buddy, Bebe Rebozo, in a suite at the Mandarin Hotel.

What gives this scandal a particular sleazy caste is the alleged role of J. Edgar Hoover, America’s foremost drag queen, in exploiting the affair to gain leverage over Nixon. As the story goes, one of Liu’s closest friends was a general in the Communist Chinese army. In 1969, Liu moved to Nixon’s hometown of Whittier, CA, and denied that there ever had been an affair.

Conclusion:

Looking back from the vantage point of 21st century morality, one can well appreciate what the fear of public exposure has on politicians. Bill Clinton’s affair with Monica Lewinsky, which lead to his impeachment, serves as much as a warning for those challenging Christian conservative hypocrisy as an indicator of the barbarity inherent to partisan politics. It also says much about the ability of those with powerful political connections, like George Bush, to suppress questionable behavior, whether involving sex, drugs or dubious military service.

In the end, however, presidents from Washington to Obama are but all-too-human men struggling within the deeper crisis of repression, the battle between what Christian propriety demands to maintain patriarchy and the deeper forces of the unconscious to overcome sexual repression. Each president’s behavior is not unlike that of ordinary Americans caught in the cultural vise that deforms us as civilized people. Their lessons should not be lost on Presidents’ Day.

Resources:

businessinsider.com,”15 other presidents who were caught up in salacious sex scandals before Trump’s Stormy Daniels saga,” By Allan Smith; nypost.com, “Democratic presidents behaved a lot worse than Trump in the White House,” By Victor Davis Hanson; counterpunch.org, “Two Centuries of Presidential Sex Scandals,” By David Rosen; en.wikipedia.org, “List of federal political sex scandals in the United States,” by Wikipedia editors;

Presidential Series
https://common-sense-in-america.com/2020/09/27/what-happened-to-vice-president-hannibal-hamlin/
https://common-sense-in-america.com/2020/09/26/president-james-buchanan-the-worst-of-the-worst/
https://common-sense-in-america.com/2020/09/25/was-andrew-johnson-the-worst-president/
https://common-sense-in-america.com/2020/08/27/was-clinton-a-failure-as-president/
https://common-sense-in-america.com/2020/08/26/was-president-obama-a-disappointment/
https://common-sense-in-america.com/2020/08/23/was-the-country-better-off-with-lbj-than-jfk/
https://common-sense-in-america.com/2020/08/16/how-great-were-our-great-presidents-6-of-6-franklin-delano-roosevelt/
https://common-sense-in-america.com/2020/08/16/how-great-were-our-great-presidents-5-of-6-theodore-roosevelt/
https://common-sense-in-america.com/2020/08/16/how-great-were-our-great-presidents-4-of-6-abraham-lincoln/
https://common-sense-in-america.com/2020/08/16/how-great-were-our-great-presidents-3-of-6-andrew-jackson/
https://common-sense-in-america.com/2020/08/16/how-great-were-our-great-presidents-2-of-6-thomas-jefferson/
https://common-sense-in-america.com/2020/08/16/how-great-were-our-great-presidents-1-of-6-george-washington/
https://common-sense-in-america.com/2020/08/16/was-reagan-a-failure-as-president/
https://common-sense-in-america.com/2020/08/14/how-bad-was-nixon-as-president/
https://common-sense-in-america.com/2020/08/10/which-assassination-was-the-biggest-loss-to-this-country-jfks-or-rfks/
https://common-sense-in-america.com/2020/06/25/lincoln-and-kennedy-lone-assassin-or-conspiracy-part-1-of-2/
https://common-sense-in-america.com/2020/06/25/lincoln-and-kennedy-lone-assassin-or-conspiracy-part-2-of-2/
https://common-sense-in-america.com/2020/10/28/u-s-presidents-who-never-won-a-presidential-election/
https://common-sense-in-america.com/2020/10/29/presidential-sex-scandals/

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s