I have written several articles Racism and Slavery. A list of links have been provided at bottom of this article for your convenience. This article will, however address different aspects on Racism and Slavery.
This blog article is a study of Antifa, I purchased and read the Antifa Handbook with the sole purpose of understanding this confusing and complicated movement. There will be quotes take from this handbook.
“Antifa or anti-fascism is an illiberal politics of social revolutionism(sic) applied to fighting the Far Right, not only literal fascists.” “Despite the various shades of interpretation, antifa should not be understood as a single-issue movement. Instead, it is simply one of a number of manifestations of revolutionary socialist politics.” “…it is vital to understand anti-fascism as a solitary component of a larger legacy of resistance to white supremacy in all its forms.” “Of all recent social struggles, anti-fscism faces perhaps the most difficult road toward establishing itself as an extension of over a century of struggle against white supremacy, patriarchy, and authoritarianism.”
There is a dearth of ant-fascist literature, according to the author of the handbook this is the first book written on the subject in English and certainly the most comprehensive study. The reason why more studies haven’t been attempted is the supposed fear of the backlash from fascists and the police. According to the author, this book attempts to prioritize the immediate need to make available the insights and experiences of current and former anti-fascists from two continents.
“Europe and the United States have witnessed an alarming lurch to the right over recent years in response to the 2008 economic crisis, austerity measures, the strains of an increasingly post-industrial economy, cultural and demographic shifts…” After Trump became President in 2016 there was an increase in hate crimes by white supremacists. This is is listed as the reason Antifa came about. “…eradicating this reactionary hatred will require organizing on all fronts to project an alternative revolutionary vision, in the short term anti-fascists are among those most committed to weeding out racists, anti-Semites, and Islamophobes (sic).”
“…the Center for Democratic Renewal emerged out of the outrage following the acquittal of the Nazis and Klansmen who gunned down five Communist Workers’ Party members and injured ten more at a 1979 anti-Klan rally in Greensboro, North Carolina.” Another group the Anti-Racist Action (ARA) group was initially formed in Minneapolis spread throughout the U.S. in response to racist activities. Their activities were listed as Education, through leaflets, Direct Action via spray paint, crow bars and bricks and Confrontation listed as open. Nice peaceful movement. The John Brown Anti-Klan Committee developed out militant resistance to white supremacist terror as epitomized by the Black Panther Movement and the Black Liberation Army.
The ARA became a victim of their own success, they were able to suppress according to anti-fascist groups suppress the Neo-Nazis and fascist groups in the U.S. from the early 2000’s to The election of President Trump, which saw a resurgence of white-supremacist activities. However Antifa saw a favorable climate in the Obama administration, and started organizing groups throughout the country. According to the newly formed Antifa and the ARA the “Trump campaign created a platform for the alt-right to mobilize white anger against feminism, Black Black Lives Matter, Muslims, and Latinos. His victory emboldened explicit and implicit white supremacy, energizing supremacy…”
To delegitimize President Trumps’ inauguration they engaged in targeted property destruction of corporate enterprises. They targeted a Starbucks, Bank of America and a McDonald’s restaurant. They also destroyed several ATMs and set a limousine on fire. Over 200 people were arrested and charged with felony riot, inciting to riot and conspiracy to riot, charges amounting to potential sentences of up to 75 years. “The mass arrest and excessive charges are clearly an effort to curb disruptive protests, and are in line with recently proposed legislation to criminalize blocking roadways….” Additional Inauguration day violence occurred when a black-clad anti-fascist punched a white-supremacist Richard Spencer in the face while he was giving a sidewalk interview.
“Since the establishment of ARA and its growth in the nineties, most American antifa have been anarchists or anti-authoritarian communists. Certainly, some have been Stalinists (sic) and other kinds of authoritarians who have supported the efforts of the Soviet Union and similar regimes to very narrowly delineate the range of acceptable speech. From that standpoint, free speech as such is merely a bourgeois fantasy unworthy of consideration.” Not all antifa members agree with this viewpoint some have different views on freedom of speech. They believe that freedom of speech is not simply a neutral ideology, it has ethical components as well. For example if the speech being made is pro fascist, it is the moral and ethical right of the anti-fascist to stop that speech by force if necessary.But who gets to decide what is a fascist ideal? By trying to protect the citizenry from fascism they are essentially impinging on their rights. Antifa doesn’t see it that way. Antifa also considers defacement of public monuments to be a form of free expression.
“…anti-authoritarians seek to abolish prisons, states, and the very notion of citizenship—-thereby eliminating this black hole of rightlessness (sic). They also aim to construct a classless, post-capitalist society that would eradicate significant discrepancies in our ability to make our speech meaningful amount of time that we have to do so. By not devoting resources to prisons, police, and the military, such a post-capitalist society would be able to put far more into supporting education, the arts, and collective expression and inquiry. While the creation of a classless society would eliminate the majority of crime stemming from capitalist antagonisms, antifa members argue that methods of restorative justice should replace police and prisons in addressing conflicts that still persist.”
According to Mark Bray there is a consistent pattern with antifa groups. When local fascist groups decline, so does the local antifa group. This has happened continually throughout the history of the anti-fascist movement. “While the liberal alternative to militant ant-fascism is to have faith in the power of rational discourse, the police, ad the institutions of government to prevent the ascension of a fascist regime.” According to Mark Bray this has failed several times in the last century, ie Italy and Germany in the 1930’s, which saw the rise of Fascism and Nazism respectively. Antifa is now the defacto protector against fascism.
While militant anti-fascist activities are the most visible aspects of the antifa movement, many antifa groups organize to fight all forms of oppression such as homophobia, capitalism, patriarchy and etc.
There are three main arguments that anti-fascists use to justify their use of violence. First they make a historical argument based on the accurate observation that governments have consistently failed to halt the rise of fascism. Given that fact the only answer is to halt that advance by force. Second they point to the many successful examples of militant anti-fascism shutting down or severely hampering far-right organizing since WWII. Third, fascist violence often necessitates self-defense. Basically shut down by any means necessary before it becomes a problem.
The under privileged in general “have the power to strike back at the racial hierarchy that underpins the very essence of whiteness. This does not mean adopting a conservative color-blind outlook, but rather targeting sources of white privilege and struggling in solidarity with the disinherited of the world. This does not mean exterminating people who are currently categorized as white, but abolishing the classificatory (sic) scheme that renders them so.”
“…as a modern identity forged through slavery and class rule, whiteness is indefensible. The only long-term solution to the fascist menace is to undermine its pillars of strength in society grounded not only in white supremacy but also in ableism, heteronormativity, patriarchy, nationalism, transphobia, class rule, and many others.
After reading this Handbook on Anti-fascism, I have come to some conclusions. First of all this is something that most people can agree on, true fascism is bad. If Hitler had won the second world war, this world would be a lot worse than it is now. So based on that premise ant-fascism should be a positive thing. However, antifa has taken it to a whole new level. They have gone to other side of the spectrum. There view of what society should be is totally unworkable. There is no incentive to produce anything of value. Who will produce the food for the people to eat. Millions of people starved in both Russia and in China, before they finally figured out how to fix their system. Even communism has some form of governmental structure. The society envisioned by antifa has none of that necessary structure. Society as we know it will end and will be replaced by anarchy, starvation and disease. Our country will resemble a post apocalyptic world. There will however, be freedom of speech as long as it doesn’t upset the powers at be.
Since this posting last year, I have since read more about ANTIFA. I have learned that there are various subgroups affiliated loosely with Antifa. One of the major groups is called RAM, which stands for Rise Above Movement.
Rise Above Movement (R.A.M.)
R.A.M. (Rise Above Movement) is a white supremacist group based in Southern California whose members believe they are fighting against a “modern world” corrupted by the “destructive cultural influences” of liberals, Jews, Muslims and non-white immigrants. They refer to themselves as the “premier MMA (mixed martial arts) club of the Alt-Right.” Originally based in Southern California, today their membership is mostly online, and leader Robert Rundo is living in Eastern Europe.
- R.A.M. operates like a street-fighting club. Members train to do physical battle with their ideological foes and have been involved in violent clashes during political rallies and demonstrations.
- While they consider themselves part of the alt right, R.A.M.’s membership has deep roots in California’s racist skinhead movement, and includes individuals who have faced serious criminal charges, including assault, robbery and weapon offenses.
- Following the arrest of three members after the Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville, the group’s U.S. activity has been mainly limited to training and propaganda efforts. Meanwhile, group leader Robert Rundo has worked to create a network of white-supremacist groups in Eastern Europe.
The Rise Above Movement (R.A.M.) is a white supremacist group based in Southern California (predominantly Orange County region) whose members believe they are fighting against a “modern world” corrupted by the “destructive cultural influences” of liberals, Jews, Muslims, and the effects of non-white immigration. Their ostensible goal is to restore European-American (i.e., white) culture to America and create a “conservative counter-culture” that embraces white identity and “traditional Christian” values. They see themselves as patriotic crusaders who are fighting against “communist” forces and advocating on behalf of a victimized white population.
“We want to rise above all of today’s destructive culture and see the rebirth of our people, strong in mental and physical capacities as our forefathers were. In a time when you can be harmed for your political beliefs or shamed for your heritage, we are here to defend our identity and shared goals.” Rise Above Movement, Instagram, June 12, 2017
“The Rise Above Movement is the premier MMA club of the Alt-Right, representing the United States. Their dedication is to promote an active lifestyle and common values among young people and a future for European people. This is achieved through training, creative thinking and activism. The main task of The Rise Above Movement is to revive the spirit of a warrior and to see the rebirth of values of Western Civilization’s forefathers.” Rise Above Movement, GAB.ai, December 18, 2017.
On October 2, 2018, federal and local law enforcement arrested four individuals allegedly associated with Rise Above Movement, charging them with intent to encourage, promote, incite, participate in, and commit violent acts in furtherance of a riot. Benjamin Drake Daley, 25, of Redondo Beach, Thomas Walter Gillen, 34, of Redondo Beach, Michael Paul Miselis, 29, of Lawndale and Cole Evan White, 24, of Clayton were each charged with one count of violating the federal riots statute and one count of conspiracy to violate the federal riots statute. Each defendant faces up to 10 years in prison. The indictment alleges the four engaged in a coordinated and planned effort to violently attack protesters at political rallies and provides screenshots from video footage of R.A.M. members kicking, punching and headbutting.
They pleaded guilty and were sentenced on July 19, 2019. Daley (who is the group’s co-founder) was sentenced to 37 months in prison, Gillen was sentenced to 33 months in prison and Miselis was sentenced to 27 months in prison. Cole Evan White accepted a plea deal and was sentenced to 14 months, with seven months credit for time served.
Three additional R.A.M. members were also indicted, including group leader Robert Rundo, but a U.S. District Court dismissed the charges, concluding that the federal Anti-Riot Act is “unconstitutionally overbroad in violation of the First Amendment.” Federal prosecutors are currently appealing that ruling to the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals.
Following initial accusations of Michael Miselis’ alleged violent misconduct in Charlottesville, R.A.M. came to his defense in a YouTube video, “Fake News Exposed.” They claimed that Miselis was defending himself and “cleared the sidewalk of commie scum.”
Some within the far-right have come to R.A.M.’s defense. On the day of the arrest, white supremacist Juan Cadavid, aka Johnny Benitez, posted on Gab, a social media network popular with white supremacists, “RAM terrifies the FBI because they’re just a bunch of hardworking white guys who stick together in a fraternity and stand up for themselves when Antifa attacks.” The white supremacist organization Northwest Front posted on Gab, “Rise Above Movement is your frontline antifa push back force. Support them! Don’t buy the lies the DOJ and FBI is conjuring up. RAM are clean anti-drug pro-American and pro-work and pro-exercise through the discipline of training mixed martial arts. Support RAM. They support you at Trump rallies and they protect Trump supporters at every gathering. Free RAM Now.”
For much of 2020, the group’s activity in the U.S. has been primarily online. This is likely due to the COVID-19 pandemic and the fact that group leader Robert Rundo moved to Eastern Europe, where he has forged alliances with European white supremacist groups and shared videos with his supporters across the world.
Benjamin Daley of Redondo Beach is a leader in the Rise Above Movement and is featured prominently in the group’s recruitment videos. He has traveled not only throughout California to attend rallies but also participated in the August 2017 Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville, Virginia. Daley has a history of using social media to promote anti-Semitic cartoons and conspiracy theories about Jewish control of the banking, media and legal system. He was indicted in 2018 for intent to encourage, promote, incite, participate in, and commit violent acts in furtherance of a riot at Unite the Right.
Robert Rundo of San Clemente, California, is in charge of the group’s MMA training program. Law enforcement reports indicate he also runs the group’s Twitter page and produces their videos. According to media reports, Rundo has prior convictions in New York, and served an 18-month sentence for assault with a weapon stemming from a September 2009 stabbing following a gang fight. He was indicted in 2018 for planning and intentionally engaging in violent attacks and assaults against counter-protesters at various political events in Huntington Beach, Berkeley and San Bernardino, California, but a U.S. District Court later dismissed the charges. Since then, Rundo has lived in various Eastern European locations, participating in white supremacist events and making propaganda videos for R.A.M.’s social media accounts.
It is unclear exactly how many R.A.M. members are active in the U.S., but it is believed that the group currently consists of fewer than 20 loosely affiliated neo-Nazis and racist skinheads who were formerly known as DIY Division but rebranded themselves as the Rise Above Movement in the spring of 2017. “The premier MMA club of the alt right,” espouses racism, anti-Semitism and intolerance at events and online. Members have been spotted carrying “Da Goyim Know” signs, a reference to an anti-Semitic trope about Jews trying to keep non-Jews “in the dark” about their plans for world domination. During an anti-Muslim rally in San Bernardino, one member held a sign declaring, “Rapefugees Not Welcome.” Several others held a banner that read, “Defend America. Islamists Out,” and depicted lance-wielding crusaders on horseback chasing after fleeing Muslims.
R.A.M. emerged within the alt-right scene to challenge the “keyboard warriors” and encourage real world action. In a January 2018 Gab post they wrote, “A new year and a new direction for the alt right, time to leave behind online memes and countless hours shitposting and act like we really do want a world that exists beyond discords and edgy websites.”
Propensity for Violence
The group operates like a street-fighting club and promotes physical fitness and strength-training in preparation for altercations with counter-protesters at political rallies and demonstrations. In 2017, R.A.M. members were part of violent clashes at California rallies in Berkeley and Huntington Beach, and at the “Unite the Right” rally in Charlottesville, Virginia.
Members attend events prepared to fight, concealing their identity with skull masks or American flag themed bandanas, wearing goggles to block pepper spray attacks and wrapping their hands and wrists with gauze or tape to protect themselves from injuries.
In online posts, members romanticize their role of protecting victimized whites against numerous elements that threaten their existence and use that imagined threat to justify force. R.A.M.’s violent ideology is glorified in the group’s recruitment videos and other online propaganda. The videos cut back and forth from footage of members brawling at demonstrations to scenes of members participating in workout sessions.
Antifa plays a prominent role in R.A.M.’s self-definition and provides them with a tangible enemy. Their digital propaganda highlights violence against the left, and features images of members wearing t-shirts emblazoned with phrases like “Kill a Commie for Mommy,” or posing in front of graffiti of the letters GNLS, an acronym for “Good Night Left Side,” a common anti-antifa slogan.
Several R.A.M. members have violent criminal backgrounds, with convictions for felony assault, robbery and weapon violations. Robert Rundo has prior convictions in New York for assault with a weapon and gang assault 2nd degree. Tyler Laube of Redondo Beach, California, has a lengthy criminal record that includes convictions for robbery and bladed weapon violations. Robert Bowman of Torrance, California, also has an extensive criminal history, and has been convicted of robbery, theft, battery, vandalism, trespassing and assault.
2018 Indictments and Arrests
On October 24, 2018, Robert Rundo, one of the central figures in the Rise Above Movement, was taken into custody, according to law enforcement. Authorities also arrested Tyler Laube and Robert Boman, while a fourth individual named in a new criminal complaint, Aaron Eason, remains at large. The arrests stem from a criminal complaint filed by the FBI on October 20 in the U.S. District Courts, Central District of California, charging Rundo, Boman, Laube and Eason with criminal conspiracy to riot and commit acts of violence at a political rally.
The complaint alleges Rundo, Boman, Laube and Eason planned and intentionally engaged in violent attacks and assaults against counter-protesters at various political events in Huntington Beach, Berkeley and San Bernardino, among others, and sheds additional light on R.A.M.’s deeply-rooted white supremacist beliefs. Rundo, according to law enforcement, keeps a large framed portrait of Adolf Hitler in his room, and is quoted as saying, “I am a big supporter of the fourteen. I’ll say that.” “Fourteen” is a reference to the “14 Words,” the world’s best-known white supremacist slogan. R.A.M. members’ private communications, collected by the FBI, further underscore the group’s white supremacist ideology. R.A.M. member Ben Daley, who was charged earlier in October for his involvement in Unite the Right wrote (prior to UTR), “Regardless we should all still go. Im [sic] flying out from CA with a handful regardless. Fuck these jews [sic].” In another private communication, former UCLA student Michael Miselis, who was also charged in the earlier indictment, boasted that R.A.M.’s violent actions at the Berkeley rally represented “Total Aryan Victory.”
The charges against Rundo et al are separate from the October 2, 2018, indictment of four R.A.M. members for intent to encourage, promote, incite, participate in, and commit violent acts in furtherance of a riot at the Unite the Right (UTR) rally in Charlottesville, Virginia. Ben Daley, Thomas Gillen, Michael Miselis and Cole White were each charged with one count of violating the federal riots statute and one count of conspiracy to violate the federal riots statute. Each defendant faces up to 10 years in prison. The indictment alleges the four men engaged in a coordinated and planned effort to violently attack protesters at political rallies, and includes supporting evidence of R.A.M. members kicking, punching and headbutting.
While Daley, Gillen, Miselis and White were convicted, the charges against Rundo, Boman, Laube and Eason were dismissed.
R.A.M. Brand Building
In January 2018, R.A.M. launched an online merchandise arm called The Right Brand Clothing company. This appears to be an effort to mainstream and monetize their ideology by selling a range of paraphernalia from clothing to stickers. The Right Brand’s motto is “Courage, Activism and Style,” with no mention of the white supremacist ideology behind the brand. The enterprise bills itself as “a nationalist apparel company committed to bringing you the highest quality goods… For our people, Made by our people!” RAM members are prominently featured throughout the site, modeling their products, some adorned with Viking imagery and runic letters. The names of their wares underscore their attempts at edgy, counter-culture aesthetic, and include “the disrupter jogger” and “demagogue” pants. Under a section entitled “activism” they sell “FCK Antifa” stickers, highlighting their fixation on the left, and “modern white youth” stickers, which depict the dangers of rap, feminism, homosexuality and “third world” immigration.
In September 2019, the group launched Our Fight Clothing Co. which featured merchandise similar to The Right Brand Clothing Co. The now-defunct website sold not only R.A.M.’s own labels, but also a large collection of European clothing brands catering to white supremacists. This appears to be a key part of R.A.M.’s increasing collaboration with the European white supremacist movement.
In the summer of 2020, R.A.M. launched Media2Rise, a YouTube channel and documentary production outlet, calling it “a chance to have the voices of the censored be heard, and the image we want to be shown.” Through Media2Rise, Rundo and other members have released a steady stream of videos showing viewers how to stencil posters (and avoid getting caught while distributing them), as well as sharing workout routines, ideas on how to travel while on a no-fly list and suggestions on how viewers can start their own crews.
Online platforms have enabled white supremacist groups to tap into a global community, amplifying their racist views and connecting them with like-minded individuals. Real-world connections extending beyond these virtual platforms show a true commitment and investment into their cause. In April 2018 R.A.M. members Robert Rundo, Ben Daley and Robert Smithson embarked on a “European tour” to “bridge the gap between the two nationalist scenes.”
A video posted to their now defunct YouTube channel included highlights from the group’s “European tour,” including footage of stickers that emphasize their xenophobic and anti-leftist views, “rapefugees not welcome” and “fckantifa.” In the same propaganda piece, they flaunt graffiti, presumably their own, which reads “White Boys Club,” a catch-phrase of the group, and ACAB (All Cops Are Bastards).
Underscoring their ideological alliance with like-minded international groups, The Right Brand prominently features products from White Rex, a Russian-based mixed martial arts promotion and clothing label company that appeals to fans of combat sports with deep white supremacist underpinnings. On their website they note this is part of a “European American collaboration,” reinforcing common themes of nationalism, nativism and xenophobia. In a section called “European Gear,” one t-shirt reads “Facing the sun in my uniform. That’s how death will find me. White REX.” Other t-shirts emphasize nationalist themes such as “European Brotherhood: Time to Fight. Join the Resistance.”
Rundo’s 2020 move to Eastern Europe allowed him to solidify his links to European white supremacist groups. In February 2020, he attended the Lukov march in Sofia, Bulgaria, alongside white supremacists from Germany, France, Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania and Scandinavia. Later that year he and other members of R.A.M. visited Hungary and Serbia, and met with European members of the Hammerskins and other neo-Nazi groups.
Rundo’s participation in the Lukov march was the subject of the first documentary released by R.A.M.’s media company Media2Rise.
Rundo and other members have participated in numerous MMA events as well as training camps in Eastern Europe.
In addition to working out and honing their fighting skills, R.A.M. typically participates in California events organized by other far-right groups and individuals, including white supremacist organizations such as Identity Evropa, SoCal Beach Goys, Patriot Front, Juan Benitez Cadavid (aka Johnny Benitez) and Red Elephant’s Vincent James Foxx, as well as alt lite figures including Kyle Chapman of the Fraternal Order of Alt Knights (FOAK) and Joey Gibson of Patriot Prayer.
Occasionally, R.A.M members will organize their own protest activities. In July 2017, members attempted to disrupt a Committee for Racial Justice meeting in Santa Monica. That same month, they hung this banner over a Torrance freeway: “Secure Borders, Secure Future.”
- Sofia, Bulgaria, February 2020: R.A.M. members Robert Rundo and Robert Smithson attended the Lukov march and memorial alongside neo-Nazis from Germany, France, Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania and Scandinavia. Organized by the far-right Bulgarian National Union, the Lukov march is a neo-Nazi procession that honors Hristo Lukov, a Nazi collaborator who propagated xenophobia and antisemitism.
- February 2020, Hungary/Serbia: R.A.M. members Robert Rundo and Robert Smithson traveled to Budapest, Hungary, and Belgrade, Serbia, to participate in neo-Nazi events including Festung Budapest, a neo-Nazi concert, and a “Day of Honor,” organized by Hungarian Hammerskins to commemorate the 75th anniversary of Nazi and Hungarian forces killed by the Soviet Army during the 1945 Siege of Budapest. During this same visit, Rundo allegedly met with members of Kormilo, a radical Serbian nationalist organization.
- Ostriz, Germany, April 2018: R.A.M members Robert Rundo, Ben Daley and Robert Smithson traveled to Europe to attend Germany’s white supremacist Schild und Schwert (Shield and Sword) Festival, held on Adolf Hitler’s birthday.
- Kiev, Ukraine, April 27, 2018: Robert Rundo participated in a white supremacist MMA competition at the “Reconquista Club.” In a Gab post R.A.M. noted “one of our guys has had the honor to be the first American to compete in the pan european [sic] organization Reconquista in Ukraine. This was a great experience meeting nationalist that came as far as Portugal and Switzerland to take part.”
- Nashville, Tennessee, April 27 – 29, 2018: One R.A.M member attended the white supremacist American Renaissance conference hosted by Jared Taylor, held at the Montgomery Bell State Park in Tennessee.
- January 27, 2018: R.A.M launched an online store called The Right Brand, marketed to fellow white supremacists.
- Charlottesville, Virginia, August 2017: R.A.M members attended the “Unite the Right” rally and contributed to violence against counter-protesters.
- Santa Monica, California, July 2017: R.A.M. members attempted to disrupt a Committee for Racial Justice meeting.
- Torrance, California, July 2017: R.A.M. members hung a “Secure Borders, Secure Future” banner over the 110 Freeway.
- San Bernardino, California, June 2017: R.A.M. members participated in an “anti-Sharia law” protest holding signs that read “Defend America Islamists out!” and “RAPEFUGEES stay away NOT WELCOME.”
- Huntington Beach, California May 2017: R.A.M. members participated with other white supremacists in book burning. Ben Daley and Tom Gillen are pictured in front of an array of books including “The Diary of Anne Frank,” “The Jewish Book of Why,” “Cultural Pluralism” and “Trapped in Hitler’s Hell” among others.
- Berkeley, California, April 2017: R.A.M. members engaged in physical altercations with counter-protesters during a “Say No to Marxism” rally hosted by Kyle Chapman and other far right activists.
- Huntington Beach, California, March 2017: Approximately a dozen R.A.M. members attended a “Make America Great Again” rally under the banner of DIY Division. As the event turned violent, RAM members fanned out and began fighting with counter-protesters.
In 2020 R.A.M. appeared to step up their efforts to collaborate with other groups, beginning a prolific campaign of mutual propaganda distributions where members of R.A.M. put up other groups’ stickers groups along with their own, and vice versa.
This has included domestic white supremacist groups like National Socialist Club (NSC 131) and Revolt Through Tradition, but also international groups based in Europe. While it remains unclear to what degree Revolt Through Tradition is an actual group with members or simply a brand created by Rundo and his circle, merchandise and propaganda for the group has turned up in the U.S. and across Europe. Rundo has frequently been featured in ads on Telegram for Serbon Shop, an online store carrying a large range of clothing brands for European white supremacists.
I will continue to update this article as I come across unique and interesting information on Antifa and its affiliations. If you read this article you might be interested in some of my other articles on racism and hate groups. If you ae just tab down to the link sections.
adl.org, “Rise Above Movement (R.A.M.);”
Racism and Slavery Postings